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The Independent 
Church of God 



of the 



JudaTribe of Israel 



THE BLACK JEWS 



(jyijT a fade 
from black to pure white 




By BISHOP A. W. COOK 

Is RABBI HALING HANK LENHT 



The Independent 
Church of God 

of the 
JudaTribe of Israel 

THE BLACK JEWS 



ciyTjr a fade 
from black to pure white 







By BISHOP A. W. COOK 

Is RABBI HALING HANK LENHT 



Copyright 1925 

by 

Bishop A. W. Cook is 

Rabbi Haling Hank Lenht 



--0 



wis; 



The Black Jews 



1. One God, One Aim, One Destiny. He created all nations of 
men equal, of one blood, to dwell on the face of earth, Mother 
Church. 

2. The charter of the Independent Church of God, the Black 
Jews of the Juda Tribe of Israel and the Constitution. 

3. This book is the first that has ever been published in this 
country or any other country, of this kind, for two thousand 
years. 

4. It opens up Biblical History and turns the light on the whole 
world. Its author is an inspired writer according to the 
Spirit of God. 

5. And a sketch of his life from boyhood up. It is interesting 
from beginning to end. 






Subjects 



1. Black Jews. 

2. Black Moon. 

3. Negro Is Yet A Slave. 

4. "Should the Color Line Go?" by Robert Winston, born at 
Windsor, North Carolina. Mr. Winston is a leading lawyer 
of his native state and was graduated from the University of 
North Carolina and received the degree of LL.D. from Wake 

. Forest College. He was a judge of the Supreme Court of 
North Carolina from 1889-1895, when he resigned. He is a 
well known orator and also an authority on Southern prob- 
lems. The destruction of the Children of Israel, the Black 
Jews, and their many names as they fade from black to pure 
white. 

5. Will the Black Man Go Back to Africa? 

6. The Unjust Treatment to Garvey. 

7. The Power of Love. 

8. Down on the Farm. 

9. Defending the Honorable and Graceful Movements of 
Dancing. 

10. Proper Training. 

11. My First Sermon to the World. 

12. Unveiling the Prince. 

This book will be sold for one dollar to help finance the work 
of uplifting fallen humanity. 

Kindly tell your neighbors to purchase a book. 
All orders will be promptly attended to. 



Headquarters : 135 Valley Road, Montclair, New Jersey 

Tabernacle 

Lafayette Hall, Room 1-2, 165 W. 131st Street, New York City 




BISHOP A. W. COOK is 

Rabbi Haling Hank Lenht 

Tabernacle: Lafayette Hall, Room 1-2 

165 West 131st Street, New York City 

Headquarters: 135 Valley Road 
Montclair, New Jersey 



Ciiarttr 



State of New York 

Office of the Secretary of State 

Albany, N. Y. 

mT is hereby certified that the Certificate 
of Incorporation of ^^The Independent 
Church of God of the Juda Tribe of 
Israel: The Black Jews/' with acknowl- 
edgment thereto annexed, was filed and 
recorded in this office on the fourth day 
of January, 1921 . 

Witness my hand and the 
seal of office of the Secre- 
tary of State, at the City of 
Albany, this 19th day of 
March, 1921. 

JOHN J. LYONS, 

SECRETARY OF STATE. 



CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION 

OF 

THE INDEPENDENT CHURCH OF GOD OF THE JUDA TRIBE OF 

ISRAEL: THE BLACK JEWS 



WHEREAS, we the undersigned, each 
being of full age, citizens of the United 
States, a majority of us being residents of 
the State of New York, have associated our- 
selves together for the purpose of founding 
and continuing one or more free churches, 
therefore 

KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRES- 
ENTS : That we, the undersigned, each be- 
ing of full age, and each being a citizen of 
the United States and a resident of the 
State of New York, have mutually associated 
ourselves together for the purpose of found- 
ing and continuing a church, do hereby cer- 
tify and declare that said church is hereby 
incorporated, and that : 

First: The name of said incorporated 
church is "The INDEPENDENT CHURCH 
OF GOD OF THE JUDA TRIBE OF 
ISRAEL: THE BLACK JEWS." 

Second: The principal place of worship 
of said incorporated church is the City of 
New York, in the County of Westchester 
and the State of New York. 

Third: The purpose for which said church 
is organized is: (1) to build up moral char- 
acter so that more honest men and women 
may be found among us who can be trusted 
in any home or business ; (2) to learn to live 
loyal to our God, our Country, ourselves and 
our fellowmen; (3) to do charitable work 
among all people; (4) to learn to refrain 
from taking part in any unlawful meetings 
against our country, or allow such to be held 
in our churches or halls; (5) to study and 
preach the truths found in the Holy Bible 
and live accordingly; and (6) to create more 
love and unity among us and between all 
races of men. 

Fourth: The trustees who shall manage 
said incorporated church, five of whom are 
persons who are not ministers of the gospel 
or priests of any denomination, are seven 
(7) in number, whose names and addresses 
are as follows: Rev. Allan Wilson Cook, 
55 North Broadway, Yonkers, N. Y.; Rev. 
Alexander Cook, 82 Linden Street, Yonkers 
N. Y. ; Dr. David Rudy, 44 Riverdale Ave- 
nue, Yonkers, N. Y. ; Tony Benjamin Atkins, 
84 Lmden Street, Yonkers, N. Y. ; Richard 
T. Porter, 87 North Broadway, Yonkers, 
N. Y. ; Nathan J. Johnson, 50 Wells Avenue, 
Yonkers, N. Y. ; Mrs. Rosa Wilson Cook, 55 
North Broadway, Yonkers, N. Y. 

Fifth: All of the foregoing trustees are 
citizens of the United States, of full age, and 
residents oT the State of New York. 

Sixth: The term for which said incorpo- 
rated church is to exist is prepetual, from 
and after the date of its incorporation. 

Seventh: The said church is incorporated 
under Article 9, of the Religious Corporation 



Law of this State, and its seats and pews 
shall be forever free for the use and occu- 
pation, during public worship, of all persons 
choosing to occupy the same, and no rent, 
charge or exaction shall ever be made or 
demanded for such occupation or use. 

In Witness Whereof, we have hereunto 
set our hands and affixed our seals this 11th 
day of December 1920. 

Allan Wilson Cook (L. S.) 

Rev. Alexander Cook (L. S.) 

Tony Benjamin Atkins (L. S.) 
Richard T. Porter (L. S.) 

Nathan J. Johnson (L. S.) 

David Rudy (L. S.) 

Rosa Wilson Cook (L. S.) 

Mrs. a. W. Cook (L. S.) 

State of New York, ^ 
County of Westchester J 

On this 11th day of December, 1920, before 
me personally appeared Allan Wilson Cook, 
Tony Benjamin Atkins, Alexander Cook, 
Richard T. Porter, Nathan J. Johnson, 
David Rudy and Rosa Wilson Cook, also 
known as Mrs. A. W. Cook, each to me 
known and known to me to be the individuals 
described in and who executed the foregoing 
certificate of incorporation of The Indepen- 
dent Church of God of the Juda Tribe of 
Israel: The Black Jews; with a principal 
place of worship at thie City of Yonkers, 
N. Y., and they each for himself and herself 
acknowledged to me that they executed the 
same. 

STEPHEN A. BENNETT, 
Notary Public, 
Westchester County, N. Y. 

I hereby approve of the foregoing incorpo- 
ration of The Independent Church of God 
of the Juda Tribe of Israel ; The Black Jews, 
both as to its expressed objects, and as to 
its form. 

Dated, White Plains, N. Y,, December 13, 

1920. WILLIAM P. PLATT, 
Justice of the Supreme Court of 

New York 

State of New York, | 
County of Westchester J ^^" 

/ have compared the preceding with the 
original Certificate of Incorporation filed and 
recommended in this office on the 13th day 
of December 1920, and do HEREBY CER- 
TIFY thC' same to be a correct transcript 
therefrom and of the whole of such original. 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have 
hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of 
the office of the County Clerk of the County 
of Westchester, this 25th day of August, 

1921. LOUIS N. ELLRODT, 
County Clerk of Westchester County 



CONSTITUTION 

''One God ; one aim; one Destiny" ; 
He created of one blood all nations of men to 
dwell on the face of the earth: 

WE, THE Independent Church of God, the Black Jews of the Judean 
Tribe of Israel, of the United States, and its Jurisdiction, do desire every 
person, members of the Church after having repented of their sins and being 
baptized and by burial into water, upon confession of faith in Christ Jesus, and 
received the unleaven bread and water for Christ's body and blood, and their 
feet washed by the Elder as written in John 13 ; 1 :23, having agreed to keep the 
ten commandments, and having been breathed upon with a holy kiss also being 
taught how to pray as written in Matt. 16; 9:13, We do try to perpetuate a 
union among the Black Jews and maintain a correspondence with all other 
Churches of God throughout the United States and the whole world. We, there- 
fore, propose to maintain and keep the commandments of God and sayings of 
Jesus Christ, according to the doctrine of the bible. 



ARTICLE 1 

Section I. 

The district and General Assembly shall 
be composed of Bishops, Elders, Evangelists 
and Deacons, and all members of the church, 
who can furnish a credential by authority 
' from the church shall be entitled to a seat 
and also the daughters of Jerusalem shall be 
represented by their Sarahs, and Rachels of 
each tabernacle, and ^he Sabbath Schools by 
their teachers and secretaries of the taber- 
nacle. 

Section II. 

The members when thus chosen, when con- 
vened, shall be known as the general assem- 
bly of the Black Jews Church of God. The 
Bishop or Bishops shall preside at this as- 
sembly. The bible is to be used to settle 
all questions. All differences to be settled 
by Matt. 5:8; 18:24. The Bishop and all 
other officers shall continue to hold their 
ofifice as long as they maintain sound doctrine 
and keep the ten commandments which will 
in noway permit them to fulfill the lusts of 
the flesh. They must walk after the spirit 
and not be a Lord over God's heritage, or 
infringe on any of the bible rights of the 
Churches ; but shall be merely considered 
as lights of advisory or counsel, according 
to their position. All members of the assem- 
bly must respect all bible truths. 

Section III. 
The Elder of each tabernacle will see that 
a record be properly kept, giving a full ac- 
count of all members received into the 
Church, giving date received and when bap- 



tized. In like manner of all sickness, death 
and expenses of same. A full account of all 
money received and how expended, always 
giving dates. Likewise must the daughters of 
Jerusalem and the Sabbath Schools keep a 
record done by them. The Elders will bring 
with them, or caused to be sent to each as- 
sembly meeting, a record from the preceding 
assembly meeting, same to be signed by the 
Elders, a teacher and district mother of the 
daughters of Jerusalem. 

Section IV. 
Every church in the United States and 
Africa shall be entitled to three delegates 
from each tabernacle to represent the church 
and should any tabernacle be unable to rep- 
resent herself with delegates, she shall state 
the reason why in her first communication. 

Section V. 
Whenever a tabernacle is organized any- 
where in the United States it shall be sub- 
ject to whatever rules the assembly shall 
adopt, an Elder or Evangelist shall send a 
copy of the names of the members and offi- 
cers to the secretary of the Independent 
Church of God the Black Jews of the United 
States, and the secretary shall inform the 
Bishop or Bishops of the same. 

Section VI. 
Each tabernacle shall have one Elder and 
one Deacon, and the Elders shall appoint his 
own assistant. There shall be three trustees 
to each tabernacle, their duty shall be to look 
for a suitable place in which to hold meet- 
ings, and to see after the money and property 
in general, count the money at least every 
month and let the balances appear on record. 



8 



Constitution 



Section VII. 

The district assembly shall endeavor to 
furnish a copy of the minutes of all proceed- 
ings from every assembly meeting as soon 
as they are printed. 

Section VIII. 

When a question is brought before the as- 
sembly by any tabernacle, it must be in 
writing and put in an envelope thus addressed 
"The Church Communication," and when it 
has been considered and settled upon the word 
of God satisfactorily, it must so appear in the 
minutes. 

Section IX. 

No Elder shall be allowed to interfere with 
any tabernacle, but the one of which he is 
pastor. If he should interfere, the Bishop 
shall silence him for three months except an 
acknowledgment be made with the agreement 
tiot to be guilty of the act any more. 
Section X. 

There shall no officer be removed from 
his station except a lawful reason be given 
and the cause stated in writing. Any taber- 
nacle desiring to make a change in her pastor 
must write to the assembly. In case the as- 
sembly is not in session, the church must 
write to one of the Bishops. 
Section XI. 

Every member of each tabernacle shall 
bring his tithes if possible on the first day 
of the week at the close of the Sabbath, as 
it is written in, 1 Cor. 16 ; 1 :2. Shall a man 
rob God? Mai. 3; 8:10:11, and all the 
tithes Lev. 27; 20:32, Jesus said, 'Tf ye are 
Abraham's children you will do the works of 
Abraham. St. John 8:39. Don't forget 
God's tithes if you want to prosper in this 
life and in the life to come. For we must 
support the Gospel from the store house. 
Mai. 3 ; 10, and if you love God you will 
also love his cause, and in this way you will 
help God's ministers to preach the gospel to 
every creature throughout the world. 

Instructions to Ministers 
All ministers shall follow these instruc- 
tions when receiving members into the 
Church of God; the members about to be 
received must first make a confession of 
faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, then be bap- 
tized by burial into water, then receive the 
unleaven bread and water for Christ's body 
and blood, then have their feet washed by 
the minister, taught how to pray, then 
breathed upon the forehead, then saluted into 
the church with a holy kiss first by the 
Elders and afterwards by the whole church. 
Section XII. 
We believe that every one that has con- 
fessed Jesus Christ by regeneration of heart, 
who desires to eat of the Lord's body and 
drink of his blood, has a right to eat at the 
Lord's table. 1 Cor. 11:28, Mark 14:14. 



Section XIII. 
We believe that it is a sin for the righteous 
to help the ungodly, to do anything in the 
name of the Synagogue of Satan. Job 8:20, 
Acts 17 ; 23 :26. 

Section XIV. 
We believe in the resurrection of the dead, 
and that none go to heaven or to burning 
hell until after the resurrection and general 
judgment Job 13; 14:17, Psalms 115; 17. 
Section XV. 
The Bishops and Evangelists and the 
Presbytery when assembled have the only 
rights to ordain an Elder. 

ARTICLE II. . 

Section I. 

The board shall be called the Presbytery 
Board of the Independent Church of God 
the Black Jews, and it shall be the duty of 
the board during the assembly meeting to 
recommend all ministers that have been 
ordained since the last assembly meeting, 
and to adjust all errors and to empower to 
discommunicate. 

Section II. 

We also demand by the word of God, that 
every member of each tabernacle, both great 
and small, to bring all the tithes into the 
storehouse, or "Will a man rob God?" Mai. 
13; 8:10. 

Section III. 

There shall be for all the subordinate tab- 
ernacles a Sabbath School, and a Sabbath 
School Fund, and there shall be one teacher, 
one secretary and one bag carrier of each 
tabernacle. 

Section IV. 

No minister or member shall have power 
to dictate to an Elder in charge of a taber- 
nacle or to instruct members, except when 
called upon or by permission of the Elder. 
When anyone has become a member of the 
Independent Church of God the Black Jews 
of the Judean Tribe of Israel, no one has a 
right to erase his or her name from the 
church records, as God himself will attend 
to that, in due time if necessary. 

Section V. 
We further recommend that the Bishop 
or Bishops have, in the absence of the as- 
sembly, power to ordain Elders, or dismiss 
any that preach not the doctrine of Christ 
Jesus our Lord. 

Section VI. 
The Bishops shall have power to appoint 
Evangelists and send ministers to their re- 
spective tabernacles. They also shall state 
the different districts for the evangelists. 
The fourteenth day of April shall be the 
Feast of the Passover. The ministers of 
God shall teach the principal things that 
pertain to our salvation. 



The Independent Church of Qod 



HTHIS organization is entrusted to me by 
* the trustees. 

I am an ordained licensed minister, sent 
out from the Independent Church of God and 
Saints of Christ headquarters, at 82 Living- 
ston Street, Newark, N. J. 

In 1910 I was sent to Montclair, N. J., to 
take charge of a tabernacle. For two years, 
I was in charge there, and did good work 
for God. The people received me, both white 
and black. In 1913 I was called in with my 
members, and my little tabernacle was 
broken up. In 1914, I was sent to Yonkers, 
N. Y., to do a work for God. I built a 
tabernacle there, and prospered. The Lord 
blessed me and gave me friends. 

When America joined the World War, my 
little church was called in again ; I sent the 
members who were with me down to head- 
quarters, the Another Church, but I refused 
to go. 

For some unknown reason, I had become 
very unpopular at headquarters, so I stepped 
out on the word of God, and submitted my- 
self to His spirit in all things. 

Men and women's hearts are full of jeal- 
ousy, and my leader cut me loose from her. 
For the space of three years, I sat alone in 



the world, without a member who could 
help me, spiritually or carnally. 

The white people did not turn me down, 
tliCy stuck i:y me. My finances came directly 
from them. They really befriended me, and 
I cannot thank the God of Heaven enough 
for them. When my people laughed at me 
and rebuked me, the good white people were 
with me, and helped me to preach righteous- 
ness to my people. Allow me, my friend, to 
speak a word for the Mother Church, whose 
leader is Evangelist M. D. Morris, the title 
she holds is, the Queen of Israel. She is the 
chief evangelist, set up over all of the 
daughters who are in the Church of God and 
Saints of Christ. She and her ministers are 
the founders of this church. She is helping 
people who cannot help themselves. She is 
their spiritual mother, and she loves them. 
She wants me there until after the great 
destruction on the earth, but I have a work 
to do. I shall go and warn the people of 
the coming destruction among all nations. 

When we as a people of God learn to know 
and control ourselves, and be guided by the 
words of God and His righteous spirit, then 
true love will come in and a true smile will 
cover your face, and sunshine will come out 
of your heart. The meanest man will feel 
good when he sees you and will respect you, 
and encourage you to keep it up. 



The Black Jews 



1'^HIS is the most important part of my 
subject, in fact, it is the most important 
subject of the world. The representatives of 
this name have been, and yet are driven, sold 
and killed, some put in ships and carried to 
desert lands, put there to starve to death. 
Some are chained together and carried from 
their country and made slaves to all the na- 
tions of the world. They are not known 
by their own name, which is the Black Jews. 
God speaking through Moses in Deut. 28 '.S?. 

And thou shalt become an astonishment, a 
proverb and a by-word among all nations 
whether the Lord shall lead thee. 

About 586 B. C, Nebuchadnezzar con- 
quered Jerusalem and carried tens of thou- 
sands of Jews to Babylon, and the Black 
Jews have been slaves ever since as a race. 
But we must admit that the nations have 
suffered and are cursed for trying to destroy 
and keep us down. 

10 



The nations have not made much headway 
with civilization, they are now going back 
where they started from, so let us all come 
to the agreement that the God of Heaven 
and Earth, loves all of His children if they 
will do His commandments, whether they be 
white or black, it makes no difference with 
him. 

This is what Jesus said to both Jew and 
Gentile, white or black. St. John 15:12. 
This is my commandment, that ye love one 
another as I have loved you. 

My subject, the Black Jews, mean all the 
dark and black people of the world — four 
hundred million of them, but all of them 
don't know that they are the real Jews, but 
they are turning back to their God of Israel, 
and we are going to take our white brothers' 
children with us, and the mothers and fathers 
if they want to go, but the children must 
turn to the God of Israel and learn of his 
ways and keep his commandments. 



Froof That We Are Jews 



N 



OW my friends, allow me to quote some 
scripture on the subject and make some 
comparison. 

I will take first the twenty-eighth chapter 
of Deuteronomy and the thirty-seventh verse. 
And thou shalt become an astonishment, a 
proverb and a by-word among all of the 
nations of the earth, whether the Lord shall 
lead thee. 

My friends, history will prove to you that 
we blacks are called by many names. All 
nations have a different name for us. In 
America they call us negroes, colored people, 
darkies, niggers and shines, because our skin 
is slick and greasy. In foreign countries, 
we are known by many different proverb, 
that the people see fit to call us by. 

You yourself can think of many names by 
which we are known. Our true name is the 
children of Israel, The Black Jews. 

After we were in bondage for seventy 
years, then Israel took the names after the 
fourth son of Jacob, about 500 B. C, and 
built up Jerusalem the second time. Read 
Nehemiah, The Prophet Book, and if you 
read the 28th chapter of Deuteronomy, you 
will see and know who the real Jew is. We 
black people have fulfilled the chapter to the 
letter, it fits us like the paper on the wall. 
There is no other nation in the world who 
has fulfilled this book as we have. 

Again my friends, that you may see the 
children of Israel, the Black Jews more 
clearly. 

Allow me to quote Paul's writing in Ro- 
mans, Romans 1 :20 1-2-3-4-5-6. 

For the invisible things of him from the 
creation of the world are clearly seen being 
understood by the things that are made, even 
his eternal power and God head, so that they 
are without excuse. Because that, when they 
knew God, they glorified him not as God, 
neither were thankful ; but became vain in 
their imaginations, and their foolish heart 
was darkened. 

Professing themselves to be wise, they be- 
came fools, and changed the glory of the 
uncorruptible God into an image, made like 
to corruptible man, and to birds, four-footed 
beasts, and creeping things. 

Vv^herefore God, also gave them up to un- 
cleanness through the lusts of their own 
hearts, to dishonor their own bodies between 
themselves. 

Who changed the truth of God into a lie, 
and worshipped and served the creature more 
than the creator, who is blessed forever, 
Amen. 



For this cause God gave them up to vile 
affections, for even their women changed the 
natural things into that which is against 
nature. 

Now my friends, that is why we as a race 
have suffered untold punishment from these 
nations. God has turned them against us, 
and we are cut off from our blessing from 
God for the time being. Now he is calling 
us to serve him, that the nations of the world 
may be blessed. 

To prove to you that you have never 
studied this subject, that the Black Jews, our 
fathers were in Jerusalem at one time, about 
2000 years ago. The Book of Luke, 21st 
chapter and the 24th and 25th verse. And 
they shall fall by the edge of the sword, 
and shall be led away captive into all nations, 
and Jerusalem shall be trodden down by the 
gentiles, until the time of the gentiles be ful- 
filled. And there shall be signs in the sun, 
and in the moon, and in the stars ; and upon 
the earth distress of nations, with perplexity ; 
the sea and waves roaring. 

We black people are the only ones who 
have been captives as a race. We were led 
away in chains and brought to America and 
made slaves. The white Jew has never been 
a slave as a race here. They came on their 
own account. He has not been made slave 
of to any nation, but he has financed all 
nations and has become their money king. 

But we Black Jews have nothing we can 
call our own, and 80 per cent of us now are 
keeping books with the animals in the forest, 
and are hunted as you would hunt any other 
animal. Our backs are to the wall, and God 
will soon answer our cry, for we can not 
stand it much longer. -The enemies who are 
boasting over the downfall of his black 
brother was warned by Apostle Paul in Ro- 
mans. Romans 11:24:25:26:27:28. 

For if thou were to cut one of the olive 
trees, which is wild by nature, and were 
grafted contrary to nature into a good olive 
tree; how much more shall these, which be 
the natural branches, be grappled into their 
own olive tree. 

For I would not, brethren, that ye should 
be ignorant of the mystery, lest ye be wise 
in your own conceits, that blindness in part 
is happened to Israel, until the fullness of the 
gentiles come in. 

And so all Israel shall be saved, as it 
is written. There shall come out of Zion, 
the deliverer, and shall turn away ungodli- 
ness from Jacob. 



11 



12 



Proof That We Are Jews 



For this is my covenant unto them, when 
I shall take away their sins. 

As concerning the gospel, they are enemies 
for- your sake ; but as touching the election, 
they are beloved for the fathers' sak^s. 

This part of the subject shows one that we 
should love one another whether we be Jew 
or Gentile. The color does not make the 
man, it is the high morals of righteousness 
for which he stands. 

In order to try to satisfy your minds on 
the Black Jews, and the wisest men the world 
ever knew, allow me to direct your thoughts 
to Prophet Job, Job 30 :30. My skin is black 
upon me and my bones are burnt with heat. 

Now Job was a Black Jewish Prophet, 
a man of God. There is some good in some 
of us black people that you can trust. 

I will now call your attention to one of 
the greatest Black Jews that ever lived. 
When Nebuchadnezzar invaded Jerusalem, 
this man was one of the first to go in bond- 
age, Jeremiah 8:21. For the hurt of the 
daughters of my people am I hurt, I am 
black — astonishment has taken hold on me. 

When this holy black man saw with his 
own eyes the destruction of the beautiful 
daughters of Jerusalem by the wicked sol- 
diers, he wept like a child, but the God of 
Israel suffered it to be so. Now my friends, 
I will direct your thoughts again to the book 
of books, that which the civilized world 
recognizes to be the true holy record. 

Songs of Solomon 1 :5 :6. I am black, but 
comely; ye daughters of Jerusalem, as the 
tents of Kedar as the curtains of Solomon. 

Look not upon me because I am black, be- 
cause the sun has looked upon me, my 
mother's children were angry with me, made 
me the keeper of their vineyards, but mine 
own have I not kept. 

I draw your attention to these great char- 
acters, because we blacks of African descent 
are from the same stock. You need not be 
afraid when you have us around you or sit 
beside you in a car. If you train us in the 
right way, my people will be your best 
friends. If we have not got your school edu- 



cation, we have got good common sense and 
manners, that our old mothers taught us in 
the cabins. It is not the color that makes 
the man, it is the high principle for which 
he stands. Allow me, dear reader, to call 
your attention to a question that Jesus, that 
great prophet who faced the world unto 
death, who was born of the royal family of 
King David, Solomon's father, asked in 
Matthew 16:13. When Jesus came into the 
coasts at Caesarea Phillipi, he asked his 
disciples saying, "whom do men say the son 
of God am." 

And they said, some say that thou art 
John the Baptist! Some, Elias and others 
Jeremiah, or one of the prophets. My friends, 
Jeremiah acknowledged he was black, Job 
was a prophet, and said he was black, then 
all the other prophets must have been black, 
and if Jesus looked like one of them, he must 
have been black also. 

In this subject I am not condemning 
neither Jew or Gentile. I am only finding 
myself. My people are the lost tribe of 
Israel, and yet slaves. I have repeatedly 
stated in my subject, that the so-called 
negro is yet a slave. In order to prove it, 
I shall write some facts, and I know that 
you, my reader, will agree with me. When 
the Jews were driven out of Egypt about 
four thousand years ago, they were all black, 
and were slaves in Egypt. They were in the 
jungles forty years, and God led them out by 
a cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night. 

Before they were driven out of Jerusalem, 
there was no mixed breed allowed there. 
Forty years A. D. they went out a mixed 
multitude of people of all colors. 

From 1920 on, they are going back to 
Jerusalem all white. They are the only Jews 
that the Gentiles' recognize as a race to this 
day. 

In the fourteenth century in Russia, the 
Czar issued a creed that they could serve 
their own God, and have their own holidays. 
These Jews are the nine and one-half tribes 
who rebelled from under Rehoboham. 



Black Moon 



DEAR reader, I have seen the red moon, 
the yellow moon and the white, but on 
the twenty- fourth day of January, nineteen 
hundred and twenty-five, I had the pleasure 
of seeing the Black Moon for the first time 
in my life. He was so black, the white peo- 
ple on earth had to turn on their lights, that 
they might see how to do business. He was 
so black that he put the sun out of business. 
He was so black that you could not see his 
features. He looked to me like a black ball 
traveling from southwest to northeast. 

The moon that I see traveling from east to 
west is a white moon that gives light on the 
earth by night. When you see him in the 
daytime, he is white just the same. But 
the God of Heaven and Earth has shown his 
power through a black moon. 

We as a people should give God praise for 
all He does. 

About four thousand years ago, he parted 
the Red Sea and let the children of Israel 
pass over dry shod. 

I will make the statement here in my 
book, that the children of Israel were black, 
and the Egyptians were black at that time. 
The seeds of the ancient Israelites are yet 
black, and among the races of the world 
are kept economic slaves. 

Now as God sees fit to use his red moon, 
his white moon, his yellow moon and his 
black moon, let us work together as one great 
big moon for God, that we may obtain his 
mercies on our children. 

I biblicly and historically have proof to 
back up these statements that I make, but it 
is not necessary that I should write them in 
my book, for this book is the first step to 
world peace, and the first step to destruction 
of race hatred. 



You cannot build up love in men and 
women's hearts by telling lies, for they are 
without a foundation. Tell the truth and 
back it up with your honor, that God may 
bless you and your children upon the earth. 

Nine and one-half tribes of Israel rebelled 
from under Rehobohan, King Solomon's son, 
and went on and intermarried with the 
other nations of the world, and they became 
white. There are only about fourteen mil- 
lion that are known as Jews, the others are 
the nations of the world. The fourteen mil- 
lion are going to become the greatest white 
men on earth. He will redeem the Gentiles 
and save many of them from destruction on 
earth, all business will be turned over into 
his hand. Through him will the Gentiles 
receive the black man, that he may go and 
serve his God. 

This is a white man who has never changed 
his religion, he keeps to the religion of his 
black ancestors, which was handed down by 
Black Moses to us. 

Whether they want to or not, all nations 
have got to love the white Jews that they 
may be blessed on the earth. 

The white Jew is right about Jesus ; he was 
a man and had a mother and father like all 
other children. The Romans killed him for 
talking against the government. He was a 
black king from the loins of King David. He 
was a great holy man who executed justice 
on earth and they had to get rid of him, if 
they didn't they were not friends of Ceasar. 
Now, I won't go any further with that sen- 
tence because you cannot heal a sore by pick- 
ing off the scab. 

Let us love one another as this man Jesus 
has loved us. 



Negro Is Yet A Slave 



THE so-called negro is yet a slave, though 
free, some reflections on the economic 
slavery which makes the race helpless victims. 

Three score years ago, Abraham Lincoln 
emancipated four million and one-half 
negroes, this was a wonderful blessing to 
the negro, for he had prayed to his God 
unceasingly, that the slave-chain which held 
him fast might be broken. He had been 
under the lash, his women had seen their 
children sold like so many cattle; they had 
met injustice at every turn of the road. 

The negro, after a period of time, began 



to realize that after all, he was not a free 
being, altho he was not subject to his mas- 
ter. The negro probably thought that the 
emancipation meant freedom to him, but to 
emancipate the negro only meant to give him 
a chance to free himself. 

To emancipate the negro meant to give him 
a chance to work out his own destiny. No 
nation or race has at any time freed another 
nation or race, they are too busy working out 
their own social or national problems. The 
power to become free, lies within the race 
or nation itself. The negro forgot that his 



13 



14 



Negro is Yet a Slave 



own freedom had just begun, being untrained, 
unskilled labor naturally fell to his lot, a 
hewer of wood and a drawer of water, was 
his portion. 

But will the so-called negro be free as long 
as he remains at the foot of the industrial 
ladder? Can he be free as long as poverty 
stares him in the face? Can he take his 
place among the other races of the world, 
unless he becomes a producer, and controls 
the economic forces about him? Why is the 
so-called negro not free today? Why is he 
pleading for an opportunity and for justice 
to be given him on every hand? There is but 
one answer, he is a victim of economic 
slavery — a slave to the economic force of 
this country. In the field of mercantile busi- 
ness he is only a child, in the world of com- 
merce he is yet a stranger, in co-operative 
industries he is an alien, in all creative 
industries he is at the foot of the ladder. 

If the negro would become free and inde- 
pendent, let him enter into the creative in- 
dustries in larger numbers. We must have a 
greater per cent of negroes in business and 
fewer negroes in the so-called parasitical 
professions, such as lawyers and doctors. We 
must have captains of industries, we must 
have more negroes as manufacturers and 
bankers, we must have more negroes, instead 
of looking to the white race to support his 
boys and girls, the negro will then be able to 
protect them himself. In proportion then, as 
the negro learns the spirit of co-operation, 
in that same proportion will he be able to 
rid himself of the existing evils that seem 
to befall him. 

In this martialistic age, any race, in order 
to protect itself, must conquer those economi- 
cal principles so necessary to its very exist- 
ence. Then let the negro enter largely into 
the creative fields of industry, let him become 
a producer and not a consumer. 

When he has control of all the economic 
forces about him, prejudice, jimcrowism and 
disfranchisement will cease, no longer will 
he have to plead to the white man for jus- 
tice. We will, with our finance, backed by a 
spirit of co-operation, force every barrier 
down. 

When the negro succeeds asl a financier, 
he and his posterity will be as free as the 
mighty winged eagle that soars to the sum- 
mits sublime, as free as the fairest Anglo- 
Saxon that trod American soil. 

Then, and not until then, will the negro 
be free. 

I am drawing your attention to a source of 
facts that are among all nations, the oppor- 
tunities that would free a race, are ninety- 
eight per cent cut off from the black man, 
he is only a consumer and not a producer. 
He is not allowed to produce like other na- 



tions, not even in his own country, Africa, 
the country that the God of Heaven and 
Earth has given him. He is ready and cap- 
able to build up his country, and to pick and 
back his own leaders, those whom he can 
trust. 

Ninety-eight per cent of the picked leaders 
have proven themselves to be self-seekers and 
crooks. We don't want them, but they must 
go for the good of all nations that put such 
traitors over a people of God. 

My friend, I don't mean that we will be 
free twenty-five years or a century from now. 
I am not thinking about that. The time has 
come now that the black man must have 
equal rights. We are coming out of schools, 
grammar, high and colleges, by the thou- 
sands, and have nothing to do. The com- 
mon labor has been given to the foreigners, 
and the American business men tell our boys 
and girls that they cannot employ colored 
help, although we have a college diploma in 
our hands. 

Justice is looking all nations in the face 
and there is a wolf in the back yard. 

Our fathers and mothers were put in 
chains and carried away, and have never had 
a chance to free themselves, but the God of 
Heaven and Earth put them in the hands of 
good white people all over the world, to help 
free their sons and daughters. The white 
boys and girls are calling for their black, 
brown and mulatto classmates who finished 
school with them. They learn to love one 
another with a love that prejudice cannot 
reach, matters not what the white father or 
mother says. They see no difference in the 
•race, as the northern schools teaches none. 

The government will stand by all people 
who stand for justice, and it will see that 
justice will be dealt to all people in America 
who have played their part as a race or 
nation, because God loves us all, regardless 
to creed or color. Now, allow me to make 
an open confession, as the Lord says it is 
good for the soul. My forty-five years of 
dealing with the white man and his families, 
in the South and North. I have found that 
they have met me half way. They have held 
out their hand to me, as if to say, come on, 
you can walk. 

They have taken things from me, that I 
would not take from them. They have tried 
to help me to walk, but I was not smart 
enough to understand. We as a race, have 
let golden opportunities slip by, being too stiff- 
neck to take heed. The love, that the white 
men and women have for our wives, causes 
us men to get work to buy bread to eat and 
a house to live in. The black women have 
power with God, and the blessings of the 
world lies in her. 

In this work for which I have given up 



Negro is Yet a Slave 



15 



my life for the last twenty years, I came to 
my own people, but they received me not, 
then there was nothing for me to do, but go 
to the white man and his families. From 
door to door with my vision, and the analysis 
of my work. I explained it to them just as 
I saw it. They saw my honest desire, and 
they held out their hands to me, and said, 
come on, you can walk. They are as yet 
meeting me half way, and I began to walk. 
Nine souls out of every ten have a kind word 
for me, and at times it has gone farther than 
money. Some of them would say, my son, 
I don't see where I can help you now, but, 
you have a good work, and I appreciate it, 
you call again. Some of the gentlemen would 
call up their neighbors and tell them that I 
was all right, and to give me a dollar, and 
before I could open my mouth, he would send 
me out a dollar or more. 

Some of the ladies when I saw them in 
their homes or businesses, when they were 
not prepared to help my work, would say. 

My Dear , I am awfully sorry that 

I cannot help you today, but I will send you 
a small check. Her kind words fill me with 
the spirit of come on, you can walk. To en- 
courage me, I have had business men and 
women let me look into their cash registers 
— make me look in them. Men turn their 
pockets inside out to let me see that they 
have no change, others go out and borrow 
money for me, that is telling me to come on, 
you can walk. The same white people will 
tell you to come, you can walk. Try it, they 
will meet you fifty-fifty, but they have no 
time for shiftless or lazy black people. They 
want you to be a man or woman to your 
word. If they can put confidence in you, 
they \vill do anything for you, some of them 
will give up their life for you, but we must 
be honest to them and give them a square 
deal, not an eye servant. If you are working 
for them, give them justice, then they are 
compelled to do the same by you. My friend, 
the^ progress of the race lies in the young 
white boys and girls. I have never met a 
more friendly people than the young men 
in their business. They have not much money 
to give, but they have that hospitality, that 
friendly smile which is home-like. The 
young ladies at their desks trying to make an 
honest living, they all have a kind word for 
you, and a beautiful smile for you which 
makes you feel like you have something to 
live for. 

I have an interview with a thousand white 
men and women every month. I can honestly 
say that not one out of the thousand has 
tried to insult me or try to take advantage 



of me because I am a member of the black 
race, the ancient Jews. 

Some of the working girls open their 
bags and give me from twenty-five cents to 
a dollar for my work. Some contribute a 
smile of regret because they have no money, 
but that smile is worth as much as a dollar 
to me. It says come on, you can walk, and 
my heart goes out with the God of Heaven's 
blessing on such people. I feel sorry for 
them, they cannot help what their fathers and 
mothers have done to us. It is not their fault 
that we have been made slaves of, and yet 
are to the nations of the world, but we as a 
race of people should obey the law and live 
clean and respectable, so our friends can up- 
hold us to our enemies and demand respect 
for us. When we as a people don't live the 
high morals with self respect, then our ene- 
mies use that to keep us down and our 
friends cannot say a word for us, they only 
can say get up and walk, our hands are 
open to you. 

The trouble with this race is, that they are 
suffering for the want of true racial leader- 
ship. We want leaders to agitate the spirit 
to produce. 

If the white man was to pass a law that 
the black man either had to build factories 
or go naked, or say give us back our clothes 
we sold you, and here is. your money that the 
government made, or, if you want your pork 
chops, buy your farms, raise your hogs, flour 
and meal, we would be pretty bad off. 

We want leaders who will show us how 
to produce something, so we can free our- 
selves from being dependent on our good 
white brothers. Somewhere in this world, the 
God of Heaven has left us our inheritance, 
let us find it, but we must put down these 
sorry cowardly leaders, and pick up real men. 

Our white friends are not going to bother 
along with us much longer, because they have 
trouble of their own. 

When you have only a ten dollar a week 
job, and live the life of a twenty dollar a 
week man, there is not much sympathy that 
you can demand from any one. 

I also want to thank my personal friends 
of my race. They are true to me and this 
work. They have given me dollars when they 
need them for themselves. They have fought 
many a battle for me, they trust me. They 
have also given notes on their homes to raise 
money for me to go on with this work. I 
can never forget them. Again I thank them, 
and the God of Heaven will bless them for 
their righteous works. 



Should the Color Line Qo? 

By Robert Watson Winston 

The tendency to hide the facts about the negro problem — No real 
freedom for colored people in the South — Migration of the 
negroes to a country of their own is the solution suggested 

"Reprinted by special permission from Current History Magazine, 
a monthly periodical published by The New York Times Co." 
Born at Windsor, North Carolina, Mr. Winston is a leading lawyer 
of his native State. He was graduated from the University of 
North Carolina and received the degree of LL. D. from Wake 
Forest College. He was a Judge of the Superior Court of North 
Carolina from 1889 to 1895, when he resigned. He is a well-known 
orator and also an authority on Southern problems 



BY what authority do I speak on this 
vexed subject of race relationship in 
the South? For more than two cen- 
turies my people have lived in the South, and 
I myself am a Southern man. My father 
was a Whig, a thorough-going Union man, 
and opposed to secession. He followed Mr. 
Webster and not Mr. Calhoun. In 1861, 
when one year of age, I became the owner 
by will of a three-fourths interest in five 
negro slaves. I sucked the breast of a negro 
woman, listened to the wonderful tales of 
my father's slaves, rode "horse" on their 
backs, swam and fished with them, and ate 
their ash cake in the cabin. The negro, I 
think, is my friend ; I know I am his. Thus 
I ought to be impartial. 

Why do we of the South refuse to admit 
the facts, and when some blunt fellow, like 
the late Senator Tillman, blurts out the 
truth, why do we straightway fall to deny- 
ing and disclaiming? On the other hand, 
why do few people outside the South seem 
to understand or care what consequences will 
follow the destruction of the caste system 
upheld by a color line so rigidly drawn ? 

A certain inexorable race law should be 
kept in mind if one would understand the 
magnitude of the issue involved : No two 
homogeneous races will long continue to 
exist side by side in the same country on 
terms of perfect equality without race blend- 
ing. One is prone to think of miscegenation 
as a thing foreign to the United States, and 
yet ethnologists generally declare that such 
blending between whites and blacks will take 
place, and that the Southern States will 
eventually become mulatto. Shortly after 
the close of the Civil War miscegenation 
societies were organized and leading aboli- 
tionists, Theodore Tilton and Wendell 
Phillip among others, advocated mixed mar- 
riages. About this time also the North Brit- 
ish Review, in a calm statement, concluded 
that not only England and Europe, but 
Africa, would be represented in the new race 
which was growing up in the New World. 



A few years ago Colonel Roosevelt, in 
letters to The Outlook, told of the rising 
tide of color in Central America — the fusing 
of whites and blacks into a mulatto civiliza- 
tion ; how a prosperous negro would marry 
an impecunious white woman, how the male 
offspring would repeat the process, so that, 
after two or three generations, they would 
become a white family. And similar condi- 
tions exist today in Cuba, Brazil, Mexico, 
Portugal and the French colonies, where 
marriages between whites and blacks are 
well nigh universal. 

Schults in "Race or Mongrel" declares 
that "if conditions that now exist continue 
nothing need be done with the negro ; the 
problem will solve itself. The immigration 
of Southern mongrels is ingrafting more and 
more negro blood in our veins." To the 
same efi^ect is Hoffman's "Racial Traits and 
Tendencies" : "The process is now rapidly 
going on and the black race will be ab- 
sorbed ; a condition which, though unpopular, 
is not unwelcome to many thinkers." Docu- 
ment 188 of the Carnegie Foundation has 
valuable data showing universal race blend- 
ing in Jamaica and Bermuda. Sir Sidney 
Olivier, Governor of Jamaica, advocates the 
blending of whites and blacks "as a buffer to 
prevent race conflict." In Volume 79 of the 
Popular Science Monthly he takes the ground 
that "we must make our account for a legiti- 
mate and honorable interblending between 
whites and blacks, and must look upon it 
not as an evil but as an advantage," adding 
that "the black race is everywhere eager to 
mix with the white race." 

Viscount Bryce asserts that "the Brazilian 
lower classes intermarry freely with the 
black people, the Brazilian middle classes 
intermarry with mulattoes and quadroons" ; 
and intimates that three- fourths white is 
white enough for Brazilians and Portuguese. 
The Journal of Heredity, October, 1916, 
contains a statement by Maynard W. Met- 
calf that the union of the races is inevitable; 
and to the same effect speak the Literary 



16 



Should the Color Line Goi 



17 



Digest of October, 1917, and the Century 
Magazine of March, 1903. In the "Future 
of Evolution" race-blending in the South is 
taken for granted; the Mercure de France 
for August, 1922, finds much hope for 



States" implies that race-blending will take 
place if the color line and race segregation 
are not maintained : "Where no color line 
has been formally drawn against them they 
have tended to ally themselves with the su- 




RoBERT Watson Winston (White) 

Formerly Judge of the Superior Court of 

North Carolina 



France from an infusion of African blood, 
declaring that the French people betray no 
antipathy to the color of the men from 
Algeria, Morocco or Tunis ; and that all are 
"welded into lasting French cement," a con- 
dition vouched for by our soldiers returning 
from France. 
Reuter in "The Mulatto in the United 



perior race — during the process of reduction 
to a mongrel unity; it is biracial adjustment 
that keeps them apart. One writer has as- 
serted that all religions come from the black 
race; that extreme white and extreme black 
are departures, and that Adam, as his name 
signifies, was made of red earth. 
We must conclude, therefore, that eventu- 



18 



Should the Color Line Go? 



ally the two races in America will blend if 
they be placed on social and political equality, 
and if they are in fact homogeneous. 

Are Southern whites and blacks socially 
and politically equal? Are they homogene- 
ous? And now we touch the first sore spot. 
We of the South generally maintain that the 
negro is a free man, and that the law bears 
on white and black alike, when we must 
know that this is not the fact. Is a man free 
who cannot vote, hold office or serve on the 
jury; is he free when he must ride in second- 
class coaches, sit in the gallery at public 
places, occupy rear seats of electric cars and 
flee for his life when suspected of being a 
dangerous character? Is a race free which 
has been battered into submission by whip- 
pings and lynchings, and which has no part 
in governmental affairs? Can man or race 
be free with a spirit in chains? And does 
it lie in the mouth of the white man to charge 
that the negro is but a ract of bootblacks, 
when we have confined him to the task of 
blacking our boots? 

Facing the Facts 

We are not now considering whether these 
things should or should not be ; we are mere- 
ly asserting that in the "Black Belt" they are. 
And they are for a definite, a fixed purpose. 
As in slavery days it was necessary in order 
to perpetuate the institution to make it a 
crime to teach a slave to read or write, in 
other words to elevate him so that he could 
realize his condition of slavery, so in the 
far South today in order to maintain the 
present servile condition of the negro it is 
necessary to put him under foot and to keep 
him under foot. Whippings, lynchings, burn- 
ings — these represent the color line in crim- 
son ; and the color line, as a recent writer 
points out, is but evidence "of ar^ attempt 
based on intuitive choice to preserve those 
distinctive values which a racial group has 
come to regard as of the highest moment 
to itself." The great industrial awakening 
in the South is made possible by this sup- 
posedly permanent settlement of the race 
issue, for the color line properly enforced 
need not interfere with business — at all. 

Are the two races homogeneous? They 
are, undoubtedly. Some time about 1812 on 
th border line of two great Southern States 
there lived a Presbyterian preacher named 
John Chavis, "admired for his noble qualities 
as a gentleman, revered for his fervent piety 
as a Christian, respected for his eminent 
ability as a teacher and preacher." He had 
been a student at Princeton under Dr. 
Witherspoon. Opening a classical school in 
an aristocratic Southern community, he was 
patronized by the best people and became the 
preceptor of future Senators, Governors, and 



financiers ; this man was a negro, a free 
negro — "without any white blood in his 
veins." About five feet seven inches in 
height, he was robust and corpulent, having 
a round, clean shaven face expressive of 
great benevolence. The pupils boarded in 
his home, and in their home he was a wel- 
come guest. Because of the Nat Turner in- 
surrection in 1832 he and other free negroes 
were forbidden by law to preach, and from 
that time until his death he was supported 
by a Southern Presbytery. This is an isolated 
case to be sure, but it is portentous. 

Are not two races homogeneous which 
have lived together in peace for a hundred 
years, speaking the same language, worship- 
ping the same God, having similar church 
affiliations, impelled by similar superstitions 
and prejudices, the weaker race imitating the 
stronger in customs, manners, and modes of 
thought? Anyway, if the races are not 
homogeneous, how comes it that there are 
so many mulattoes in the South? In 1910 
one-fifth of the negro population was mu- 
latto. 

We are about to uncover another skeleton 
in the closet : sexual relations once existed 
in the South between white men and mulatto 
women, a condition which persisted until 
sortie time after the Civil War. During the 
period of slavery and up to about 1876 sex- 
ual relations between the races was frequent. 
Neither comment nor sense of shame was 
entailed by what went on among white youths 
and colored girls. Nor was it uncommon at 
that time for white men to keep negro 
women and to rear children. Many a colored 
woman was proud to be the plaything of the 
white man, whose passion she gratified with- 
out restraint or responsibility. Public senti- 
ment did not condemn the practice. Before 
1876 there was no public sentiment on the 
subject, neither was there race consciousness 
nor conflict ; and the unhappy offspring could 
rise no higher than the color of the mother. 
Once a negro, always a negro. 

Changes in Sexual Relations 

After about 1876 sexual intercourse be- 
tween the races gradually decreased, and to- 
day has practically stopped. The law sus- 
tained by public sentiment condemns the 
practice, which has become a badge of shame. 
One would naturally expect the census table 
to reflect this change in race relationship, and 
it does. In 1910, in a group of 100 negroes, 
as we have seen, 20, or one in five, were mu- 
lattoes, whereas in 1920 the proportion was 
one in six, or 16 mulattoes in a group of 100 
negroes. But bloody revolutions, much legis- 
lation forbidding race intercourse of any 
kind, innumerable race riots, lynchings and 
burnings in the "Black Belt," together with 



Should the Color Line Go? 



19 



the white womanhood of the South — all these 
were required to separate the two homogene- 
ous races. 

The Roosevelt letters made a lasting im- 
pression on the South. These letters describ- 
ing the process of race blending showed 
how the crossing of white and mulatto pro- 
duced a quadroon ; the crossing of quadroon 
with white person produced an octoroon ; the 
crossing of octoroon with white person pro- 
duced a person called "passing for white" ; 
and the crossing of "passing for white" with 
pure white produced "fixed white," and after 
"fixed white" there was no further reversion 
to black color. 

The total population of the United States 
is about 106,000,000, of which 10,500,000 are 
negroes. It is interesting to note that of 
these 10,500,000 negroes about 8,333,000 re- 
side in Southern territory. That is to say, 
in- the fourteen South Atlantic, East South 
Central and West South Central States 
(omitting West Virginia, Oklahoma and 
Kentucky), there are 8,333,000 blacks and 
19,000,000 whites. On the other hand, in 
Northern territory there are 71,000,000 whites 
and 1,500,000 blacks. In other words, in the 
thirty-two Northeastern, Middle Atlantic, 
East North Central, West North Central, 
Mountain and Pacific States the white popu- 
lation is 71,000,000, while the negro popula- 
tion is 1,500,000. 

If it were possible at the present time to 
blend the races. Southern people would have 
more than one-third colored blood in their 
veins and less than two-thirds white blood, 
and Northern people would have about 3 per 
cent colored blood and 97 per cent white. 
Moreover, if amalgamation were to take 
place now, the whole of South Carolina and 
Mississippi and half of Georgia, Florida, 
Alabama and Louisiana would grade about 
50 per cent negro blood and 50 per cent 
white. The North, on the other hand, would 
grade about 3 per cent colored blood and 97 
per cent white, a mixture well within the 
rule of "fixed white"; whereas the Southern 
mixture would not reach the grade of "pass- 
ing for white," the offspring of such persons 
being subject to the law of reversion to 
color. 

It is not possible to place Southern whites 
and blacks on terms of social and political 
equality as soon as the blacks are fitted for 
citizenship, as many philanthropic organiza- 
tions are now insisting, because the Southern 
white man is tenacious of his rights and on 
this subject is regardless of consequences. 
With him a white man's government means 
a white man's government. If Congress 
should pass a Force Bill and undertake to 



put it into operation, the Irish upheaval 
would be a mild affair in comparison with 
conditions in the Southern States. Either the 
white man would exterminate the negro, or 
the negro would exterminate the white man. 
The white man will brook no peer. It is not 
a question of whether the negro is a good 
citizen or a bad citizen ; it is deeper than this ; 
it has to do with race integrity, race au- 
tonomy. 

So long as the negro "behaves himself" in 
the South he is safe. But once let him cross 
the dead line of race separation and endeavor 
to assert his manhood rights and he becomes 
a menace to the existing order of things, 
after the manner of John Brown at Harper's 
Ferry. With hat in hand, the Southern 
negro is more than safe, he is happy — if he 
is that kind of negro. For his sake and in 
memory of the old-time "darkey" schools, 
hospitals and orphanages have been set on 
foot. Nothing, indeed, is too good for him. 
A tender, patient relationship exists between 
this unambitious, likable creature and the 
white people of the South. This white man's 
negro gets all that he is entitled to and often 
more in the courts, as a domestic on the farm, 
w:ith trowel or hammer. The white man who 
undertakes to impose on a white man's negro 
has his hands full. Many years' experience 
as a Circuit Judge enables me to declare that 
in the Court House I never witnessed an act 
of injustice to such a negro — who does not 
desire rights, social or political, and could 
not be induced to leave "his ol' white folks." 

But what of that increasing number of 
negroes who are not the white man's negroes, 
and what of the widening gulf between 
races? Has the situation improved since the 
return of negro soldiers in khaki from 
France, where the black man from Algeria 
was a favorite of the Parisian drawing 
rooms, a recipient of the voluptuous white 
woman's favors ? Did Siki's victory over 
Carpentier give a new turn to the race ques- 
tion, as The Boston Herald asserts ? Is it 
true, as literature of "new negro" type de- 
clares, that race war and revolution must 
presently follow if conditions continue and 
race segregation be insisted upon? Perhaps 
not. But so The Crisis is teaching and so 
one reads in "The Souls of the Black Folks," 
"The Voice of the Negro," "Dark Water," 
"The Black Dispatch," and like publications. 
The negro Leckey thinks that "race separa- 
tion and distinctions are a spiritual lynching 
and that the negro must feel that he is a 
cursed, knee-bending slave, bound and shack- 
led by laws and customs made for slaves." 
And the "new negro's" call to battle, how 
clear it is. Let us hear it : 



20 



Should the Color Line Go? 



Oh ! kinsman we must meet the common foe ; 
Though far outnumbered, let us still be 

brave ; 
And for their thousand blows, deal one death 

blow ! 
What though before us lies the open 

grave, 
Like men we'll face the cowardly, murderous 

pack, 
Pressed to the wall — dying — but fighting 

back. 

Why is the negro not right ? Self de- 
termination is of God, not of man. But the 
black race must not underrate the task. 
They are lined up against descendants of 
men who fought a four years' war against 
the world without salt, shoes or powder, and 
whose courage and endurance no man ques- 
tions. Men of the South place race integrity 
above politics, property, religion, or life it- 
self. The South alone among nations is 
today making a fight against a universal 
ethnological law of race-blending. The mis- 
take is in not boldly admitting the facts, 
flinging defiance to the future, spurning rep- 
resentation based on negro population in the 
electoral college. 

The Solution 

This, then, is the line-up. Can actual war- 
fare be avoided ? I think that it can. There 
is nothing strange or alarming about the sit- 
uation. The negro desires to be free and he 
is right. The white man claims that the 
South is his to rule and control, and he, too, 
is right. But a head-on collision need not 
come from every paradox. While man has 
busied himself in the endeavor to solve mat- 
ters, in the wrong way, the God of nations 
seems to have taken a hand, pointing the way 
of escape, even as He pointed it out to Abra- 
Iriam and Lot in the land of Bethel : "And 
Abraham said unto Lot, let there be no 
strife, I pray thee, between me and thee. Sep- 
arate thyself, I pray thee, from me." Even 
so today is God moving the black man to 
separate himself from the Southern white 
man, and, by the thousands, are negroes leav- 
mg the South. 

Let the census tables again speak. The 
white population of the United States in the 
last four decades has increased 100 per cent, 
while the negro population in the same 
period has increased but 40 per cent. In the 
far South during the decade 1910-1920 the 
negro population either stood still or dimin- 
ished. Alabama and Mississippi having 8,000 
and 75,000 fewer negroes respectively in 1920 
than in 1910. The way out, therefore, is to 
change our mental attitude on this subject 
and vitalize every legitimate movement for 
negro migration North, East and West. Let 
those States welcoming the negroes to equal 
rights make known the! fact, opening wide 



their doors, and negroes will continue to 
leave the South as they are now doing, in 
great numbers, thus relieving race friction. 
Undoubtedly the Southern States should co- 
operate in the movement, instantly repealing 
such laws as impose fine and imprisonment 
on emigration agents and giving up negro 
labor for the general welfare. (The only 
good of the Ku Klux is to frighten negroes 
from Southern States to other sections — and 
this is unintentional.) 

Organizations and associations for race 
betterment, heretofore assuming that the race 
issue must be settled in the South and not 
elsewhere, have given little attention to negro 
migrations, which have been haphazard af- 
fairs conducted along business and not along 
racial lines. With intelligent and sympathetic 
direction negro migration will be greatly ac- 
celerated ; and then, but not till then, the 
"Solid South" with all its embarrassing con- 
sequences will cease to be. 

But I go further. Were I a negro, facing 
the future, concerned about children and 
children's children, I would cease to fight 
against white prejudice, but raising the ban- 
ner of "Pan-Africa," I would herald that 
"Unity of the Colored Races, sensed by far- 
seeing negroes," as Dr. Burghardt Du Bois 
phrases it, until my last breath. And why 
shall not the National Government sponsor 
negro exodus, making ready a suitable home 
for the race? President Lincoln recom- 
mended colonization "in some place or places 
of suitable climate" ; President Grant recom- 
mended to Congress colonization on the Isl- 
and of Santo Domingo. Why may not 
French Guinea and Sierra Leone be added 
to Liberia, creating an ample fatherland for 
such Afro-Americans as choose to go ? 

But has not colonization in Liberia failed? 
By no means ; it has never been given a trial. 
In the 70s a ship with about one thousand 
negro emigrants sailed from Savannah for 
Liberia. Standing amid 10,000 of his race 
and raising his black face heavenward, 
Bishop Turner prayed that God would safely 
speed the little craft to a land where the 
color of a man's skin was not a crime. Ten 
thousand negro voices sobbed "Amen" ; an 
aged colored woman shouted for very joy. 
What has been America's attitude to such 
heroic incidents? Either indifference or dis- 
approval and ridicule. Our colonization so- 
cieties have ceased to function, and we give 
no further thought to Liberia, being content 
that the negro shall remain in the South, "a 
people within a people." 

Shall we not, I earnestly ask, speedily re- 
vive the old colonization society, send another 
Goethals with means and equipment and ' 
make Liberia as healthy as Panama — and 
above all, shall we not tell the truth about 
Liberia? Plucky little republic, at our re- 



Should the Color Line Go? 



21 



quest, she jumped into the great war and lost 
shipping and commerce ; her towns were 
shelled by German gunboats, and yet the 
United States is haggling about making a 
loan of 15,000,000, promised by President 
Wilson and recommended by President 
Harding. 

During the present year a British commis- 
sion after nine months' travel reported to its 
Government that in the three essentials — 
climate, productivity and health (with proper 
attention) — Africa is the most favored of 
continents, that it possesses marvelous flora, 
wonderful water-power, fertile soil, exten- 
sive mineral deposits, abundant hardwood. 

In the face of discouragement, 100,000 
civilized negroes, of whom about 12,000 are 
American Christian immigrants and their 
descendants, now reside on the Liberian lit- 
toral ; and Monrovia, its capital, has a popu- 
lation of 6,000 souls. A railroad running 
from Monrovia 150 miles up the St. Paul 
River, across waterfalls and into the hinter- 
land, would open up a garden spot, with low- 
lands superior to our far South, with up- 
lands equal in climate and elevation to our 
North Atlantic States. 

As soon as we but make a co-operative 
start toward negro migration and coloniza- 



tion and cease the vain attempt to pour two 
gallons of water into a one-gallon vessel — ■ 
to bestow citizenship upon the negro in the 
South — his condition will improve. What 
satisfaction does not get from reading docu- 
ments like "The Negroes' Progress in Fifty 
Years"? Of what avail are houses, land or 
education, forsooth, to one in a state of bond- 
age? Better ignorance and poverty for him. 
Shall the promise be kept to the ear and 
broken to the hope? I cannot agree with 
Mecklen, in "Democracy and Race Conflict," 
that the race question is essentially insoluble. 
The negroes are tractable and, looking upon 
themselves as a "peculiar people," will follow 
such course as their leaders may map out for 
the "race" ; a course which should be thought 
out, it must again be insisted, not along the 
impossible, makeshift lines of racial equality 
in the South, but in the quite opposite direc- 
tion and in terms of hundreds of years. 
While permanent plans are under way, every 
energy should be exerted to educate and fit 
the negro for a new, a saner life under 
ampler skies. America may not justify her- 
self at the Final Assize until she lives up to 
the truth that the white man is right, that 
the negro is also right, and that of these two 
contradictions neither is wrong. 



Will the Black Man Qo Back to His 
Country y Africa? 



IN order for me, in my book, to answer 
you that question, I will have to take up 
the words of God's prophets, because they 
can answer that question better than I. For 
this reason I will call your attention to prophet 
Amos, 3 :7, Surely the Lord God will do noth- 
ing but to reveal his secrets to his servants 
the prophets. 

In this chapter, your question will be an- 
swered, send back the stolen goods, for jus- 
tice is on your trail. 

God has promised through his prophet 
Ezechial 36 ; 24 :28 :32. 

For r will take you from among the 
heathen, and gather you out of all countries, 
and will bring you into your own land. 

And ye shall dwell in the land that I gave 
to your fathers, and ye shall be my people 
and I will be your God, 

Not for your sake do I do this, saith the 
Lord, be it known unto you be ashamed and 
confounded for your own ways, O house of 
Israel. 

Ezek. 36 ; 5 :9. Therefore thus saith the Lord 
God. Surely in the fire of my jealousy have 
I spoken against the residue of the heathen 
and against all Idumea, which have appointed 
my land into their possession with the joy 
of all their heart, with despiteful minds, to 
cast it out for a prey. For behold, I am for 
you and I will turn unto you, and ye shall 
be tilled and sown. 

Now my friends, if the Lord God of Israel 
says that we Black Jews shall go back to our 
own land, no one can stop it. 

The nations must give up their stolen 
goods. 

Now the God of Heaven and Earth is 
directing the minds of the good white people, 
they are coming together, and giving justice 
to all people, so the curses may be raised up 
off of them. The black man will soon come 
into his own. 

Now my friends, whether I want to or 
not, I am compelled to present to you at this 
period in my book — at two o'clock, a. m., Jan. 
17, 1925 — the spirit of God made me get up 
out of bed, and write the truth, whether the 
world likes it or not. I have the honor to 
present to you one of the greatest black men 
that ever lived on earth, and the greatest in 
these last days. The honorable Marcus 
Garvey, president of the Universal Negro 
Improvement Association. He has the spirit 
of Ezechial and the vision that God gave 
him. Allow me to present to you the words 



of God, and this man, Marcus Garvey is in 
the same shoes. 

First I want to call your attention to 
Numbers 12 :6, and if there be a prophet 
among you, I the Lord will make myself 
known unto him in a vision and will speak 
unto him in a dream. 

My friends, this is not the first prophet 
that the Lord has sent among the so-called 
American Negro. In nineteen hundred, God 
sent us Prophet William S. Crovv'dy, and he 
got two hundred and eighty thousand who 
keep the seventh day Sabbath and the Pass- 
over, and set up the Church of God and the 
Saints of Christ, and the Black Israel fought 
it until they stopped his progress ; then the 
Lord God of Israel took him down before he 
finished his work. The carnal part he never 
finished. He was an old man — he gave up 
the ghost and left us without material and 
racial leader. So the Lord God has sent us 
this man, known to the world as Marcus 
Garvey, and tlie stiff necks of Israel have 
gone after him with sticks and stones, but it 
is their last chance. 

Now I shall put this man in Ezechials 
shoes, that you may see him and be blessed 
if you stop fighting his works, for it is none 
other than the works of God. 

Now allow me to direct your thoughts to 
Prophet Isaiah 55; 7:8:9:11. 

Let the wicked forsake his way, and the 
unrighteous man, his thoughts, and let him 
return unto the Lord he will have mercy 
upon him, and to our God, for he will abun- 
dantly pardon. For my thoughts are not your 
thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, 
saith the Lord. 

For as the heavens are higher than the 
earth, so are my ways higher than your 
ways, and my thoughts higher than your 
thoughts. 

So shall my word be that goeth forth out 
of my mouth, it shall not return unto me 
void, but it shall accomplish that which I 
please and it shall prosper in the thing where- 
ever I send it. 

So we are as foolish galatians, have been 
bewitched by others, trying to turn white, 
trying to take this government by politics, 
and the white man's education, which is de- 
struction to Black Israel. 

1~his is God talking to Garvey, Ezekiel 12; 
1 :2 :3. And he said unto me, son of man, 
stand upon thy feet, and I will speak unto 
thee. 

22 



Will the Black Man (Jo Back to His Country, Africa? 



23 



And the spirit entered into me, when he 
spoke unto me, and set me upon my feet, 
that I heard him that spoke unto me. 

And he said unto me, son of man, I send 
thee to the children of Israel, to a rebellious 
nation that has rebelled against me; they 
and their fathers have transgressed against 
me unto this very day. 

Now my friends, you know we black peo- 
rle as a nation have obeyed every _ nation 
in this world except God. Though his com- 
mandments which were handed down to us 
bv the nations, and all the God that we 
know is the God that they have told us 
about, and we as a nation are obeying the 
Gods of this world, and fighting the God of 
Israel. 

Ezek. 2; 4. For they are impertinent chil- 
dren and stiff hearted. I do send unto them 
and thou shall say unto them, thus saith the 
Lord God. 

And they, whether they will hear or 
whether they will forbear, for they are a 
rebellious house, yet they shall know that 
there has been a prophet among them. 

Allow me to ask the question, \vhy is this 
man Garvey so bold and not afraid of any- 
one nor death. The ignorant men judge him 
to be boisterous, or a bully like themselves, 
because they do not know God and his 
works, the vision was not given to them. 

Ezekiel 2; 6. And thou, son of man, be 
not afraid of them, neither be afraid of 
their words, though briers and thorns be 
with thee and thou doest dwell amongst 
scorpions, be not afraid of their words, or 
be dismayed at their looks, though they be 
a rebellious house ; 7. And thou shall speak my 
words unto them, whether they will hear or 
whether they will forbear, for they are most 
rebellious. 

But thou, son of man, hear what I say 
unto thee, be not thou rebellious, like that 
rebellious house, open thy mouth and eat 
what I give thee. 

Now my friends, Mr, Garvey has opened 
his mouth and has eaten the word of God, 
so he has got to do what God tells him ; and 
it is strange to the people because it is not 
their ways, and the leaders of the people 
to try to hold them from this back to Africa 
movement, but the Lord God said they shall 
go, not all of the old mothers and fathers ; 
they shall stay here and in their homes all 
over the world, but the young men and 
women will go to build up a government for 
themselves, so that we may be represented all 
over the world as a nation of people govern- 
ing themselves, and not looking up to another 
nation, and their God to lead us, or to ex- 
ploit us and keep us in ignorance, Ezekiel 
3 ; 55. For thou art not sent to a people of a 
strange speech and of a hard tongue, lan- 
guage, but to the house of Israel. 



But the house of Israel will not hearken 
unto thee, for they will not hearken unto me, 
for all the house of Israel are impudent and 
hard-hearted. 

Behold I have made thy face strong against 
their face and thy forehead strong against 
their foreheads. 

As an adamant harder than flint have I 
made their forehead. Fear them not, neither 
be dismayed at their looks, though they be 
a rebellious house. 

Moreover, he said unto me, son of man, 
all my words that I shall speak unto thee re- 
ceive in thine heart, and hear with thine 
ears. 

And go get thee to them of the captivity, 
unto the children, of thy people, and speak 
unto them and tell them. Thus saith the 
Lord God, whether they will hear or whether 
they will forebear; 17. Son of man, I have 
made thee a watchman unto the house of 
Israel, therefore hear the word at my mouth 
and give them warning from me. 

Why does this great man go into politics? 
Why does a dog go into the swamp and the 
man with the gun stay on the outside? 

Mr. Garvey goes into politics to run you 
out of the white man's business, and to beat 
you at your own game. He knows if you 
continue to dabble in the white man's business, 
when you are only parasites in their country, 
that vou will put a man of a class of men 
in office who will see that we as a race will 
have to pack up and get out, because we are 
noisy. They will say, go to your own country 
and build yourself a government of your 
own, and all you want. If you know how to 
run our government or how it ought to be 
run, you can run one for yourselves, so go 
to it. For myself, I have not voted in twenty 
years. I have all I can do, to obey the laws 
that are made by the white man in this coun- 
try, and all of them respect me because I 
keep out of their business. 

How does this man Garvey know all 
things, how to unite seven million black peo- 
ple all over the world? The white man did 
not tell him, but he has done it. Let us 
search the holy scripture and find out. The 
secret comes from God, let us see Job 28 ; 12. 
But where shall wisdom be found and where 
is the place -of understanding. 

28. And unto man he said. Behold the fear 
of the Lord, that is the beginning of wisdom 
and to depart from evil is understanding. 

This man is one who loves the Lord, and 
when the Lord God picks a man to make 
a watchman out of him, he gives him wisdom. 
Let me get another witness, Pslam 111; 10. 
The fear of the Lord is in the beginning of 
wisdom, a good understanding have all they 
that do his commandments, his praise en- 
dureth forever. 

Let us find another witness, St. John 7; 17. 



24 



Will the Black Man Go Back to His Country, Africa? 



If any man will do his will, he shall know 
of the doctrine, whether it be of God or 
whether I speak of myself. This man has 
but one desire and that is to free a people 
who are crying to him for help all over the 
world. 

Not only does God give out this wisdom 
and understanding to Mr. Garvey, but to all 
men and women who do his will. Unless you 
do the will of God, you cannot understand 
this great man. He is too far ahead of you, 
and you can only trust his word. Have faith 
in him and you will be all right. 

Allow me to direct your thoughts back to 
the greatest of all prophets, that man is 
Jesus Christ. 

St. John 8; 31:32. Then said Jesus to 
those Jews which believe in him, if you con- 
tinue in my word, then are you my disciples 
indeed. 

And ye shall know the truth and the truth 
shall make you free. 

It is the truth that destroyeth the carnal 
mind, which keeps you blind, so you cannot 
see the hand of God working through the 
Universal Negro Improvement Association, 



and it is only love that opens your eyes that 
you may see. All humanity has to get love, 
regardless to creed or color. Let us see what 
prophet Jesus says about it, as you say you 
are following him. 

Matthew 5 ; 43 :44. We have heard that it 
hath been said thou shalt love thy neighbor 
and hate thine enemy. 

But I say unto you, love your enemy, do 
good unto them that hate you, bless them 
that curse you and pray for them who de- 
spitefully use you and persecute you. 

Now my dear reader, love is the only hope 
for us to get back to our country. It is the 
only way to world peace, the only thing that 
will make the nations lay down the sword, 
it will bring peace to your home. Love is 
the only thing that will destroy charity insti- 
tutions, insane asylums and prisons, and we 
would have no need for hospitals. Love for 
humanity is like an eating cancer, it brings 
respect and demands respect of the high type. 
It will demand that you give up everything 
that attempts to disgrace or destroy the tem- 
ple of God. It has power over the flesh and 
keeps it under subjection. Do God's com- 
mandments and you will never go wrong. 



The Unjust Treatment to Qarvey 



ON February 7, 1925 at 2 A. M., I was 
called out of my bed to warn you, my 
people, the Black Jews, that you have caused 
the world to put in jail, only to please you, 
the man of God, who is your children's savi- 
our. You as a race are cursed, you shall 
never see Africa, but your children shall go. 

This man, Marcus Garvey, has finished his 
work, and it is well done. He is now hav- 
ing a well needed rest. He has only stepped 
in the shoes of Moses and Jeremiah, who 
were put in jail, put down into a well, be- 
cause they told the truth, which condemns 
you Black Jews. Jesus Christ was whipped 
and driven out of cities, until he was almost 
starved. At last he was rebuked by wicked 
men and women. Then lynched by white 
men because he dared to tell you Black Jews 
the truth. 

In the 15th century, you were chained and 
brought to all nations and sold for two hun- 
dred and fifty years as slaves, and suffered 
all kind of trouble. Then God raised up the 
good white people in your favor to help you 
to get free from the yoke of bondage all over 
the world. 

Mr. Abraham Lincoln promised that if 
he ever got the chance he would hit slavery 
a hard blow. 

The white people of America elected him 



to be president and he struck slavery a ter- 
rible blow. He emancipated four million, 
five hundred thousand so-called negroes, and 
was killed for doing it. 

Now, some of you mixed people are buck- 
ing the dead man and saying that he did not 
mean to free us. Whether he meant to or 
not, he gave us guns and ammunition to 
help free ourselves, and our fathers got on 
the job. 

Three weeks before he was killed, he had 
promised Frederick Douglas, our leader then, 
that he would go before congress and present 
a bill that would demand one state in this 
country or send us back to Africa. We must 
have our name that we may know who we 
are, and can serve our God. 

Our president, Garfield, picked up our 
righteous issue, and they assassinated him 
for telling the truth as he saw it. 

Our late president McKinley hit the right- 
eous trail, and spoke the truth as he saw it, 
and they put him to sleep. 

Our late president, Roosevelt, stepped out 
in the path of righteous, and invited Mr. 
Booker T. Washington to luncheon with him 
at the white house, and when he was on his 
campaign in nineteen hundred and twelve 
they shot him. 

When Mr. Marcus Garvey stepped out on 



The Unjust Treatment to Garvey 



25 



the platform of righteousness, they shot him 
twice while he was in his office, but God 
spared him to rest a while in jail, imtil the 
good-thinking white people set him free. 

My open opinion of the man, I know a 
crook when I see one and deal with him. I 
was introduced to Mr. Garvey in nineteen 
hundred and nineteen at the Messiah Baptist 
Church in Yonkers, New York. I was chosen 
to make the opening address on this night. 
He organized a division in this church, one 
of the finest colored churches in the State 
of New York, and I was one of those who 
joined. But this division went down through 
jealousy among its members. Then I watched 
Mr. Garvey, his officers and members and 
those who read his paper. By doing this I 
found out where the trouble lay. It was in his 
crooked officers. Nine out of every ten 
showed up at the conventions dishonest. 
When Mr. Garvey began to expose them, 
they began to plot against him. The worst 
of it all is, that the majority of them all were 
preachers who were all in, down and out. 

I found the work of this organization in 
the bible. In nineteen hundred and twenty- 
one, I called my friends together in Yonkers, 
New York, and laid the facts before them. 
I suggested that they should organize a divi- 
sion of their own, which they did. I have 
been watching Mr. Garvey from then until 
now. 

My opinion of him is that he is one of 
the most honest men of all time, with a big 
heart, no jealousy toward any man. I do 
not believe that Mr. Garvey would entertain 
any evil thoughts. He means good to all, 
both white and black. He is the best colored 
friend that the white man has. He is only 
trying to take a great curse off of the white 
people that God is about to send on them, be- 



cause they won't let the Black Jews go back 
to Africa. He sees it and knows it. I my- 
self have seen the same tiling. The destruc- 
tion is coming if these stiff neck black people 
are not sent from among you whites. You 
must let them go and serve their God. This 
is the road to peace and prosperity. 

Now my white and black friends, this sub- 
ject was written with a spirit of love, for 
love is the only way, and the only sources 
that the nations or races can get together. 

Moving picture shows the power of love. 
They show every crooked step that the lover 
makes and its results. This should be a warn- 
ing to others, that they should marry for love 
and not for money. For true love is the 
only step to righteousness and honor. With- 
out true love, no man can respect his wife or 
no woman can respect her husband. The 
vow which is made at the altar cannot be 
kept without true love. Money can not keep 
it. Let us marry because we love and we 
will be happy on this earth. Without it our 
life struggles are in vain. The movies will 
help you, if you go there to learn and not for 
a good time. You will show respect for one 
who has true love in his heart. 

I want to state here, that I have made a 
round of a number of moving pictures, and 
studied the characters, and the power of love, 
and the destruction of false love. 

I am compelled to say, that the movies are 
doing a lot of good now, to mend up the 
broken hearts, that some of the victims may 
start life over and count yourself unworthy 
of their love if you have not the true love in 
your heart. You are the man or woman that 
is on your way to destruction, whether it be 
a race or nation, its leaders must be of true 
brotherly love for mankind, for out of the 
mouths, the heart speaketh. 



Down On the Farm 



DOWN on a fafm in the south, of the 
year of eighteen hundred and seventy- 
two, 1 was born in Louden County, Virginia. 
Son of a black, who was bought by Josh 
Fletcher from a slave trader, an Englishman 
by the name of Cook, for about two or three 
thousand dollars. The slave masters called 
him the buck. If I had been born in the time 
of slavery by black Jewish mother, I would 
have been worth about one thousand dollars 
to my father's master, but my mother was a 
mulatto and I was born free, so-called. Now 
I am not worth thirty cents to any one. They 
won't have me in jail unless some of my own 
people put me there. 

Twelve years of my life was spent on the 
farm. My father taught me how to farm. 



milk cows and do a man's work. When be- 
tween eleven and twelve years of age, I 
sought the Lord for three weeks and days. I 
found him and he filled my heart with joy 
and love. At the age of twenty-eight, he 
called me from the world and I started to 
clean up. 

I was a clean man, sent to the world with 
this message, The Black Jews. 

The black boys do not need gymnastics to 
help make him a man. He only needs to be 
on a farm and made to work a few years. 
Then he will be able to take care of himself. 
The black man has got to get back to the 
place where he can produce the food he eats. 
He has been forced off of the farms, as 



26 



Down on the Farm 



these farms have been given to others, to 
work, who are not of the black race. 

We must find a farm somewhere in this 
world that we may produce the things that 
we need. 




Haling Hank Lenht is 
A. W. Cook 

During my farm life, God was preparing 
me for this day, because he wanted to use me 
for a good work among my people. 



After seven years of country school 1 
came North and fell into the hands of a good 
English family in Montclair, New Jersey. 
They taught me how to do house work, and 
gave me more schooling. They left me lack- 
ing for nothing, so I could make an honest 
living. When I left them I was able to do 
any kind of domestic job. 

In nineteen hundred I stepped out into the 
professional world, and I saw the weak part 
of my life, that was : li I hoped to measure 
arms with my brother, I must go back to 
school. So, in nineteen hundred and five, 
I took a three years' course in a business 
college in Newark, New Jersey, and made 
good. For the past ten years I have con- 
versed with representatives of all races or 
nations of the world. They talk freely with 
me, and I am yet learning. I don't know it 
all, and mj' ears are still open. This boy. 
Haling Hank Lenht has grown to a man of 
responsibility, and has gained many friends 
among all nations, because they can trust 
him. 

In nineteen hundred and three I came be- 
fore the world as professor A. W. Cook, a 
dancing master and a teacher of etiquette to 
my people. At that time, all the dancing that 
my people could do, was jigging and buck 
and wing dancing. I did that old stuff down 
on the farm. So I made up my mind to teach 
my people a new kind of dancing, the way 
the white people dance. I went to a book 
store and bought a book on etiquette and a 
ball room guide. I studied these books from 
cover to cover, and when I opened my dance 
halls, I was a success. In 1904 I had dancing 
classes in different cities and towns. Every 
night except Sunday night. 



Defending the Honorable and Qraceful 
Movements of Dancing 



AS it is so popular and brings happiness 
and joy, when nothing else can, to thou- 
sands of human beings, if it is used in its 
proper place and in the right way. 

It will do little or no harm. When in sor- 
row or down cast, dancing is a good medi- 
cine. It gives you a stronger mind and a new 
determination. You feel like you have some- 
thing to live for, and are able to meet the 
terrible struggle of life. It drives the treach- 
erous thought out of the being and makes 
room for happiness and kindness. It also 
makes a man or woman proud, honest, honor- 
able and respectable. It gives power to 
command respect from every one. 

Can you keep the race from dancing? 
Never ! For it was handed down from God. 



It is the race's nature to dance ; it was born 
to the art, with music in every joint to give 
God praise. Disturb this happiness and you 
will find a monster within them. What will 
you do about it? They must dance. Teach 
them the proper way, tell them the danger, 
tell them they must not worship this gift, 
for they should respect it and give praise to 
God for his blessings. We should remember 
that these earthly blessings are from God. 
We must know how and when to use them. 
We as a race have reached the stage of life 
where we must begin to accept the good ex- 
amples set by others, as we are not yet 
leaders of the world. 

It is preached from our pulpits and by the 
elder members of our secret societies, that 



Defending Graceful Movements of Dancing 



27 



if you go to a dance, reception, or any place 

where dancing is allowed, that you have no 
religion and are on your way to hell. That 
style of preaching is an old chestnut tree and 
does not take affect on the race. We have 
learned to love and serve God in an intelli- 
gent way. Our leaders must find a better 



themselves? All of the secret and Christian 
societies give these great dances. 

The question is easily answered. They 
know if you go with the intention of respect- 
ing the place, the people you mingle with and 
yourself, there is no sin. You have been 
blessed with strength and a clean mind to 




Professor A. W. Cook 



and more substantial method in order to 
make any impression on the race. The warn- 
ing that is connected with this subject will 
not answer and they believe you not. 

If our churches believe that it is a great 
sin to dance, why is it that they rent excur- 
sion trains, dance halls and picnic grounds, 
furnish the best of music, and invite the 
members and friends to come and enjoy 



meet your friends with joy and happiness. 
It has been stated that dancers and drunk- 
ards cling together. This is not necessarily 
true, because not many drunkards have a 
passion for dancing. They are not allowed 
to mingle with respectable people. Without 
being trained properly, it is difficult for one 
to glide over a waxed ball room floor even 
when sober. 



Proper Training 



WHICH bring joy, happiness, wealth, 
long life and a resting place in the 
heaven above? 

I will not picture to you the history of our 
great men and leaders who have climbed to 
the top rung of the ladder of life, from the 
proper training, and the great battles that 
have been won for God and man, but a few 
needed points of our home life and ourselves, 
because we have not this great power. 

First, we as a race do not know how to 
serve God and be a valued soldier and defend 
our race, because we have not had the proper 
training. 

We do not respect our country, towns, 
churches, societies, homes, wives or husbands 
and our children do not respect us, schools 
or teachers. Because a large majority of the 
race have not had the proper training. 

This is a sad and serious question that I 
picture to you, and without being remedied it 
will drag down the moral standard of Israel 
and blot her out forever. 

But with the powerful brain cultivated and 
that strong mind properly trained she will 
be as brave as David of old, as powerful 
as a giant and a God-fearing citizen. 

What power has proper training ? It has 
the power of the professional boxer who 
sidesteps many death blows, which if landed, 
would have blotted out his life forever, but 
he played with his antagonist because he 
feared him not. The great power of train- 
ing was at his command. 

The proper training only fits us and pre- 
pares us to meet the severe struggles of life, 
and to overcome the terrible death blows that 
are delivered and struck at us. We walk in 
his ring, and we must be prepared to dodge 
his blows. 

The ballrooms, picnics and excursions are 
some of his strong blows, because he strikes 
the untrained, who cannot defend themselves. 
The only way to dodge him is to train your 
boys and girls before they enter society or 
the ball room. 

A boy or girl who goes to a public dance 
or picnic without a guardian or the proper 
training, usually becomes the victim of some 
society shark. If this shark can successfully 
drag the untrained party over the floor and 
make him think he is having a good time, 
then he has fallen into the shark's power and 
is at his mercy, and the parents have lost all 



control of the child. Nine out of ten never 
recover. He may be like the bread that is 
cast upon the sea and tossed by the great 
waves. Perhaps he may have been picked 
up by a beautiful seagull, only to be dropped 
to the filth of the earth, or to the depths of 
an unfriendly sea. To dodge this blow, you 
must be trained by a professional who is of 
a good understanding, knowing his business, 
an honest and respectable God-fearing per- 
son of good standing. 

During my twelve years' experience as a 
dancing master, I discovered the foundation 
of the great sin which is connected to the 
great art of professional movement, no danc- 
ing master has published. They have not 
stopped to give a thought. But for the sake 
of the people as a race, I must picture the 
facts to you and trust God for the results. 

The facts are a modifier to this subject. 
As a race of people, we have proved to the 
world that we must have music and public 
receptions, and most of us have better than 
we can afford; results are that our expense 
is beyond our income. Such being the case, 
we do not stop to consider our ball room 
etiquette or the moral training of our guests. 
We are glad enough to take a nickel or a 
dime, regardless to his or her training. 
' We come out of our churches and societies 
and form a committee to give this reception, 
as we call it. Some of us have never worked 
on a committee before. 

You will send your child to a dance with- 
out the proper society training. Why? Be- 
cause one of your church members is on the 
committee, and he himself has not the proper 
training, then how do you expect him to pro- 
tect your child. Its like trying to make a 
square brick fit snug into a round hole. 

You would not send that child to a dancing 
master's reception, one who is of a good 
reputation and knows how to conduct one, 
or let him come to your house and teach your 
child the right way, how to shun all snares. 
Why? Because you have not the proper 
training yourself, and stand in the way of 
your child. 

Carefully look over these facts, which I 
have outlined to you, and if you are honest 
with yourself, you will bear witness with me. 

I am also prepared to back up this subject 
with facts of my life. 



28 



Unveiling the Prince 

THE PRINCE OF THE WORLD AND HIS POWER 



IN this subject I will prove the great mis- 
take we are making as representatives of 
the race, which are leading us from the 
strong arms of God, instead of drawing us 
to Him; we are fools and glory within 
ourselves. 

First : I want to introduce the prince of 
the world, who rules and governs this whole 
entire earth, and all things on it are subject 
to him, except a man's soul, and that will 
have to stand before the bar of God to be 
judged. 

This prince is better known as the devil, 
who once was an arch-angel in Heaven, now 
he is in war with God, He is here disguised 
as a gentleman ; he also is a noted actor and 
a deceiver ; he does not wish the world to be 
destroyed ; he hopes to prove to you that this 
is as good as the Heavens above. 

A public gambler, or a common drunkard, 
or a murderer or any common act, he dis- 
likes. Why? Because such action gives 
away his plans and frightens the children of 
God and brings down their wrath on his 
works. He would like for you to be happy 
with the comforts of the world and forget 
God. This prince is an important character ; 
he is next ruler to God ; he is more important 
than all the angels in Heaven ; his power is 
the greatest success of the world, and the 
power of man is under his control, and he 
is gradually crushing the Godly thoughts and 
real Christianity out of the hearts and minds 
of the human family. 

In order to do great work for Christ we 
should, study more about his great enemy, 
who is the prince of the world. 

Two nations study the conditions of one 
another m order to conquer or win a battle. 
This prince is known as a gentleman, he 
rules the highest positions on earth. 

The kings, and presidents, judges, and 
ministers of the gospel have to take their 
hats off to him, and bow low. At such times 
they deny Christ as Peter did; the prince 
commands and they are compelled to carry 
it out to the letter, they have not faith 
enough in Christ to resist, and if you are 
saved at all it is only by grace. These are 
the conditions that face the world today, 
real Christianity of the human family, is 
almost a thing of the past. 

Christianity is today used as a cloak for 
money grafters. The higher the position is that 
you hold in the church, the more money you 
can get; these positions are in the power of 
the prince; the better preacher you are the 

29 



more money you can get, not souls for Christ. 
He is out of it. It is not souls and better 
conditions that our leaders are calling 
for today, it is money they want and money 
they must have. Why? Because the prince 
has power over them and nine out of ten 
have sold out to the prince, and without a 
successful remedy it will destroy the world. 
The negro leaders are selling their churches 
and their societies to the prince. 

I have very plainly showed to you the 
work of the prince, and have told you of his 
power. 

Gold and silver money, the fruits of all 
evil, are the valuable things in his kingdom ; 
that is what he puts up such a terrible fight 
against the God-heads with; that is what he 
betrayed Christ with ; that is what he is 
buying the ministers and kings, presidents 
and judges with, and the supposed to be 
christian churches with, but some of them 
are a devil's hell, and the world would be 
better off without them and their leaders. 
That is what buys a human life. The lust 
for money causes our ministers and leaders 
and the great trust companies to feather 
their own nest by taking the last penny from 
a poor starving family without mercy. The 
prince knows that you want it and would do 
any crime to get it, so you rob the poor, vou 
are branded in God's sight as a thief, and 
that is against the Golden Rule. 

What does the race need? We want 
leaders, men who are manly enough not to 
throw themselves on a weak race and make 
them take care of them and their families 
who are not able to take care of themselves. 

The greatest progress of the world has 
been built upon the poor and unfortunate 
race. They have been drove, and whipped, 
and sold, and robbed of their rights before a 
just God by man. The negro leaders have 
taken up the plan of the white man. I will 
add with a few exceptions, the height of their 
manhood and education is to fool the weaker 
of their race, and make them take them for 
their leaders whether they want to or not; 
they are not willing to sacrifice one hour 
for the race unless they can get paid for it, 
they study the Gospel of Jesus Christ and 
sell it for a large sum of money, when the 
gospel is free for all. Their ambition is to 
build a fine church and tax a poor race to 
pay for it. 

What should they do? They should teach 
the congregation to save their pennies for a 
rainy day, for they have nothing to give ; any 



30 



My First Sermon to the World 




Professor A. W. Cook 



Unveiling the Prince 



31 



man that has not saved from two or five 
hundred dollars has nothing to give to a 
w^orld's church. Where can v^e meet in 
order to worship our God and praise to Him ? 
He tells us wheresoever two or three of 
His children meet there shall be a God in 
their midst and some soul shall be blessed. 

We first should run the prince out of our 
homes and dedicate them to God, and make 
a church there ; when that gets too small, 
He will find a larger place for us. 

The strong race that has robbed us, accord- 
ing to the Bible, knows of their crime, and 
knows that no thief can enter Heaven. 

If we prove ourselves worthy of taking 
care of what God has intended for all men, 
their rights, the white race is willing to 
give it to us. 

The christian white people are willing to 
help us and give us the percentage of our 
money if we can take care of it and use 
it God-like. 

God doesn't intend for us to have it until 
we prove ourselves worthy. 

In order to prove to the world and God 
that we are obedient people we have got to 
back only real leaders, those leaders must be 
men that will shoulder the musket and be 
the first men to sacrifice their lives. Not 
a man who is willing to stay behind the ig- 
norant and suff^ering race of people and 
feather his own nest off them, and shout 
"see what I have done." He must be a man 
that is brave enough to go before the white 
people in an intelligent way and demand the 
support of our people in a manly manner. 

They know that we have not anything 
to build churches with, when we are living 
in chicken coops and can't buy a square 
meal three times a week without suffering 
for it. 

The white people will give us all the 
churches we need if we are worthy of them 
in the community. 

My friends, in order to build this race we 
need more men like Abraham Lincoln, Fred 
Douglas, Booker T. Washington, A, Foraker, 
Marcus Garvey, and others that have proven 
themselves manly men, that will face the 
world and demand their rights for the negro 
race in a God-like manner. 

The money is waiting for you if you have 
got the sense to get it, and prove to the 
stronger race that you are manly and honest 
enough to handle it for your people. 

You have first got to prove yourself a 
man, and not let the prince poison your mind 
so that you will be low enough to sell your 
people for your own big name before the 
world. 

Leaders ; tell your congregations to save 
their money and buy themselves a little home, 



and their pennies for the support of their 
children and to give them a start in life, fit 
them for some kind of business; you cannot 
do this work by standing in the pulpit and 
asking them for every cent they have and 
telling them to put more in their pockets for 
the next time, and giving them that old song, 
that "God loves a cheerful giver." God does 
not love any one that throws away the oppor- 
tunities He gave them to get an honest liv- 
ing in the world. 

If you wish to help someone, give a penny 
to that poor baby that has no one to care for 
it, or the drunkard that is captured by the 
prince, or give a glad hand to the tramp who 
is friendless in the cold world, give bread to 
that unfortunate man or child that is begging 
for it, or that outcast mother, and a kind 
word to the unfortunate gambler ; take them 
to your home and try to reason with them in 
God's name. 

Those are the kind of gifts that God loves ; 
give your time, your love, your pride, your 
bread and a good word to those that need 
it every day, not on Sundays only at a fine 
church, for in this world our churches are 
the headquarters for the prince of the world ; 
he is two-thirds owner of them. 

Every negro church should have a charit- 
able institution attached to it to take care 
of their poor and aged mothers and fathers, 
and poor motherless children, that are beg- 
ging you for help on the streets. 

Then as men and women we could have the 
courage to ask our white friends to help us, 
and they would give you their hearty support, 
and be glad to do so. And then we would 
be doing what God wants us to do. We 
could have money without begging our old 
mother and father for it. If we would be 
manly men and women, help those that 
need it. 

The Bible says, "thou shall not walk in 
the path of the ungodly," and our leaders 
teach us the same and tell us we must stay 
out of barrooms and the gambling houses, 
and the houses of immorality. But my 
friends that is a mistake, those are the places 
we should go in, in the Lord's name. 

I understand the meaning as, you should 
not crave for those evil things ; when you 
do, then you are walking in the path of the 
ungodly. 

If your heart desires to murder someone, 
then you are a murderer ; in God's sight the 
crime is committed. 

If your religion cannot last long enough 
to go into those dens and speak to your 
brother or sister and try to bring them out, 
then you haven't faith and you glory in your- 
self, and you will have to answer before the 
bar of Judgment, and with such pride of 



32 



Unveiling the Prince 



the world your whole church will be lost, 
for you are too proud to stoop to falling 
liumanity and help them, for that is what you 
must do. 

An appeal to the young educated and man- 
ly leaders : in your financial affairs be a 
manly man, a real man, don't accept a nickel 
or a dime from your old mothers and fathers 
who have toiled for years and put you on the 
platform you are now on. 

An old mother at fifty or sixty, it is a 
disgrace for any church to accept money 
from her, when they have to toil hard every 
day for bread. 

Young leaders you should take care of 
them, instead of taking from them, then you 
are showing the spirit of a hero, and a manly 
man, don't let the prince buy the manly part 
of you, so that you cannot excuse your old 
mothers and fathers. Money you want, but 
you should not accept it unless it is honor- 
able. 

The facts and conditions that are in actual 



existence among our people, there should be 
some remedy for them, someone has got to 
open the eyes of the race, they cannot be 
honestly contradicted, they are not of my- 
self, I am commanded to right them from a 
pure and honest heart, I am willing to devote 
my time and money in every way for the 
upbuilding of humanity. 

My greatest knowledge of this subject is 
from the Bible. 

If you study God's word instead of just 
reading it over, you will understand it better. 
Then try to live accordingly. 

The prince of the world studies his word 
and uses it to condemn you before God. He 
puts another meaning to it and tries to make 
you believe he is right, so it is best to know 
for yourself. 

If you study in faith He will give you 
understanding. 

I trust that you will read carefully and 
weigh every sentence, and place the right 
meaning to them : there are exceptions in all 
cases, some are not guilty, but slow in action. 



M}' First Sermon to the World 



WHEN I was called to the works of 
God, my first sermon was preached on 
the ball room floor at one of my cake walks, 
the last big one that I rendered to the public. 

When I marched out with the cake walkers, 
instead of introducing them to the people, 
which were about four hundred in number, 
my heart was so full of joy that I forgot 
all about them and began to speak. These 
are my remarks : Ladies and gentlemen, we 
as God's people have assembled here tonight 
to give God praise, for ourselves and the 
happy times he has given us. The great 
pleasures come from God, let us go to the 
churches and thank him. 

In our sorrows and troubles he gives us 
happiness. Let us men do no smoking in the 
hall where the ladies are, let us show the 
light of godly respect for all people. I hope 
to meet all of you at the church on Sunday 
next. 

Then someone touc 3d me on my shoulder 
and asked about the cake walk. I started the 
cake walk and all had an enjoyable evening. 



My troubles began that night, because I 
fooled the devil, and have been ever since, 
and this book is putting another one over on 
him. 

This is a true saying. You can fool all 
of the people some of the time, and some of 
the people all of the time, but you cannot 
fool all of the people all of the time. 

Ecclesiastes 12; 13:14. Let us hear the 
conclusion of the whole matter, fear God 
and keep his commandments, for this is the 
whole duty of man. 

For God will bring every work into judg- 
ment with every secret thing whether it be 
good or whether it be evil. Prophet Jude 
24 ; 25. Now unto him who is able to keep 
you from falling and to present you faultless 
before the presence of his glory with ex- 
ceeding joy. 

To the only wise God, our saviour, be glory 
and majesty dominion and power, both now 
and forever. Amen. 

, I remain your humble servant. Bishop 
Allan Wilson Cook is Rabbi Haling Hank 
Lenht. 



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